Ecotourism is responsible travel to natural areas, travel which conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people. There are three main principles to this idea. Firstly, ecotourism should minimize the effect on the locality. Secondly, ecotourism should improve the environment. And thirdly, the local population should also benefit as a result of the tourism.
Effect on the locality means that the tourism is small-scale and that something is given back to the community through the projects carried out.
No big hotels are built.
Ecotourism is conserved the environment. It does through education, conservation and recycling. This is education of the local people and also the tourists.
Conservation means respecting it by using renewable sources of avoiding unnecessary use of plastics.
As for the local population benefit, this can be in financial ways by earning money from the tourists, but also through education, better schools, better health services and improve roads.
What is important is that each ecotourism holiday must make a difference to the local community. For example, the percentage of money from eco holidays that goes to the local community is usually much higher then from traditional package holidays. Only local guides are employed to show the tourists the sights and explain the different customs and culture. The tourists stay in locally-owned hotels and can sold by the local community.
Nowadays, an increasing number of people want their holiday to have a positive impact on local people and ecotourism does this.
In conclusion I would like to say, that real ecotourism is a responsible way to travel, benefiting both the tourists and the local people.