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Россия на английском языке (Школьные сочинения)


The whole of Russian continent is very rich in resources. The country’s natural resource potential varies from twenty to thirty percent of the world’s stock. In the Russia we can find a following resource: mineral, water, woody, and alternative energy sources. Now I will try describe those resources.

The most common Mineral resources include gas, oil, coal, peat and non-ferrous metals. Let’s start with gas. This domain is of key importance to the country. Gazprom, a monopoly state-owned company primarily operate this world largest gas reserve. Russia is the main exporter of natural gas to European Union member countries. The other gas importing counters are Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Italy, Germany, Hungary and France.

The next resource that I will consider are oil. Russia contains ten percent of the world’s oil reserves. In Russia, a lot of oil companies, for example: Gazpromneft, TNK-BP, Tatneft, Lukoil and Surgutneftegas. Arctic shelves in search of oil are now being actively explored.

Russia is the second largest holder of coal reserves with total deposits of one hundred fifty seven billion tones. The country has a lot of coal deposits, but most of it is not suitable for development, since it is located in Siberia in the permafrost region.

Russia ranks first in the world in terms of peat reserves, its share in global reserves, according to various estimates, ranges from forty to sixty percent.

Russia's share in the world production of six main types of non-ferrous metals: aluminum, nickel, copper, zinc, lead, tin is about eight and a half percent

Water sources.

In terms of fresh water reserves, Russia ranks first in the world. Our country has more than 20% of the world's water resources. Most water bodies are located in Siberia, the Far East and the northern region of the European part of the country. It should be borne in mind that a significant part of the territory of Russia is hidden under permafrost. The thickness of the ice cover varies from a few centimeters to several tens of meters - this is a huge supply of fresh water.

Woody sources.

Russia has the largest timber reserves in the world, more than twenty percent of the world's reserves. The most common tree species in Russia are conifers: larch, pine, spruce, cedar pine

Alternative energy sources.

Not so long ago, Russia began to develop alternative energy sources such as: wind, sun and geothermal sources. But now there are several dozens of power plants in the country, for example: Pauzhetskaya and Mutnovskaya geothermal power stations in Kamchatka, Mendeleev geo-thermal power station in Sakhalin, wind power complexes in Chukotka, solar installations in the Krasnodar Territory, Bashkiria and Buryatia

Thus, Russia is a very rich country and it is important to properly manage its resources, trust smart people to manage them.

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