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Environmental Issues (Сочинения ЕГЭ английский язык)

An Environment is everything that is around us, which includes both living and nonliving things such as soil, water, animals and plants, which adapt to surroundings. It plays an important role in the existence of life on the earth.The word Environment is originated from the French word “Environ” which meaning “surrounding.” An ecosystem refers to all the living and the non-living present in the environment and it is a foundation of the Biosphere, which control the health of the entire planet.

Environmental issues are the harmful effects of human activities on the habitat. These include pollution, overpopulation, climate change, global warming, greenhouse effect, etc. Some of the current environmental issues are:

Climate Change

Nowadays climate change is a great problem. It has appeared in the last few decades. Greenhouse gases are reason of climate change. Environmental changes have destructive impacts such as melting of the ice, change in seasons, epidemics, etc.

Ozone Layer Depletion

The ozone layer is a layer of concentrated ozone gas.

It protects Earth from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. This extremely important layer is being destroyed by CFCs (freon gas), which are used in industries and everyday life, for example aerosol cans.

Water Pollution

water pollution is an invasion of harmful substances into rivers, oceans, lakes and ponds, which changes the physical, chemical or biological condition of the water. The polluted water lacks oxygen and so the organisms die. Water is the main source of life and therefore humanity has to protect it from any kind of pollution.

Non-Vegetarian Diet

Following a vegetarian lifestyle can solve many of our environmental issues. Human beings have become so habitual to a non-vegetarian diet, they consider it quite natural. Now that the terrible effects of indulging in meat-eating have been confirmed by United Nations, we should think about what we consume. The extinction of several animal species is the mistake caused by this eating addiction. Animal cruelty is another important aspect associated with meat-eating.

Solutions to Environmental Issues

There is plenty we can do to reduce the negative impacts on the globe. Use of clean reusable energy sources is already getting popularity around the globe. Using clean energy would significantly reduce carbon emissions and air pollution, improving our health and environment.


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