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The history of computers (Школьные сочинения)


Before you start reading this text, imagine your life without the computer or phone from which you are currently reading this text. A minute ago, you were on a social network or messenger. For us, these are ordinary things, but in former times, people could not even imagine such things.

The history of computers began a long time ago. However, the main steps towards modern computers were made by Alan Turing, who invented the Turing machine for solving the cipher.

First generation: one thousand nine hundred thirty-seven – one thousand nine hundred forty-six - In one thousand nine hundred thirty-seventh the first electronic digital computer was built by Dr. John V. Atanasoff and Clifford

erry.

Second generation: one thousand nine hundred forty-seven – one thousand nine hundred sixty-two - This generation of computers d transistors instead of vacuum tubes which were more reliable. Third generation: one thousand nine hundred sixty-three - present - The invention of integrated circuit brought us the third generation of computers.

I would also like to mention the most important people in the history of computerization of the world, these are people from the following list: Doug Engelbarto - the inventor of graphic design, John O'Sullivan — the creator of WIFI, John Backus — the creator of the first programming language FORTRAN.

In conclusion, I'd love to note that the computerization of the world is wonderful. Every twenty-four months, the no of chips on an integrated circuit doubles. Despite this, we should recollect that technologies can turn against us, therefore, together with new developments, we should observe safety and not forget about our planet.

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